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The updated definition includes recognizing any gender of victim and perpetrator and that rape with an object can be as traumatic as penile/vaginal rape.The bureau further describes instances when the victim is unable to give consent because of mental or physical incapacity.Once widely accepted or ignored by law, spousal rape is now denounced by international conventions and is increasingly criminalized.Still, in many countries, spousal rape either remains legal, or is illegal but widely tolerated and accepted as a husband's prerogative.Widespread and systematic rape (e.g., war rape) and sexual slavery can occur during international conflict.These practices are crimes against humanity and war crimes.
These include date rape, gang rape, marital rape, incestual rape, child sexual abuse, prison rape, acquaintance rape, war rape and statutory rape.Marital rape is not a prosecutable offense in at least 53 States.Four States criminalize marital rape only when the spouses are judicially separated.Rape is also recognized as an element of the crime of genocide when committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a targeted ethnic group.
People who have been raped can be traumatized and develop posttraumatic stress disorder.Duress may be actual or threatened force or violence against the victim or someone close to the victim. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in its landmark 1998 judgment used a definition of rape which did not use the word 'consent': "a physical invasion of a sexual nature committed on a person under circumstances which are coercive." Marital rape, or spousal rape, is non-consensual sex in which the perpetrator is the victim's spouse.